Greek mythology and there gods

ZEUS
Zeus was the god of the sky and ruler of the Olympian gods. Zeus overthew his Father Cronus. He then drew lots with his brothers Poseidon and ades. Zeus won the draw and became the supreme ruler of the gods. He is lord of the sky, the rain god.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS2LmaMtZM3zPkJGs5Id0k0FES84U0XrtHer17n6DGsZ6K9qhMq&t=1
Poseidon
God of the sea, protector of all waters. Poseidon is the brother of Zeus. His prize was to become lord of the seaexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRf1r0p3O44jvZUEXJcPP2R4H-WTAErEa4OF1fNbcSjxWNyLA6v&t=1

HADES

Hades is the brother of Zeus. After the overthow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Poseidon, another brother, for shares of the world. He had the worst draw and was made lord of the underworld,external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRBFuDdBw3x-rqlDT0XpB7X1PEWCdmlJCcYN-6ELG0hJBHSnd2e&t=1


Hestia
Hestia is Zeus sister. She is a virgin goddess. She does not have a distinct personality. She plays no part in myths. She is the Goddess of the Hearth, the symbol of the house external image hestia.jpg
Hebe
Hebe is the daughter of Zeus and Hera. She is the goddess of youth. She, along with Ganymede are the cupbearers to the gods. Hebe is Hercules wife.external image Hebe.jpg
Aris
Ares is the son of Zeus and Hera. He was disliked by both parents. He is the god of war. He is considered murderous and bloodstained but, also a coward. external image Ares.jpg
Athena
thena is the Greek virgin goddess of reason, intelligent activity, arts and literature. Athena is the daughter of Zeus. She sprang full grown in armour from his forehead, thus has no mother. She is fierce and brave in battleexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQTGkkd-PjOHbJgznRvqTjrqsP4sTVw99VJnL9YaRk8CgesRekd1A&t=1
Apollo
Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto. His twin sister is Artemis. He is the god of music, playing a golden lyre. The Archer, far shooting with a silver bow. The god of healing who taught man medicine. The god of light. The god of truth, who can not speak a lieexternal image apollo.jpg
Aphrodite
Aphrodite is the goddess of love, desire and beauty. In addition to her natural gifts she has a magical girdle that compels anyone she wishes to desire her.external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTPZOlWAM36cHhOby2aHinEIjj4yvbuh6Zee38RQrFLyPOHwDPB&t=1

Hermes

Hermes is the son of Zeus and Maia. He is Zeus messenger. He is the fastest of the gods. He wears winged sandals, a winged hat, and carries a magic wand. He is the god of tieves and god of commerce. He is the guide for the dead to go to the underworld. He invented the lyre, the pipes, the musical scale, astronomy , weights and measures, boxing, gymnastics, and the care of olive trees.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQysY97Bcx76BgWcmHTgiXrOUrOwCmN72vZmX89DMQT-ZDhrBD_&t=1

Artemis

Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto. Her twin brother is Apollo. She is the lady of the wild things. She is the huntsman of the gods. She is the protector of the young. Like Apollo she hunts with silver arrows. She became associated with the moon. She is a virgin goddess, and the goddess of chastity. She also presides over childbirth, which may seem odd for a virgin, but goes back to causing Leto no pain when she was born. She became associated with Hecate. The cypress is her tree. All wild animals are scared to her, especially the deer.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR64uxVb-aTbWkAr8Q-KzI4N0xOOs3ncHfMReIfTe6fS4nMCJVqxg&t=1
=
All of these 12 gods rule over the Titanstitans.cwk.jpg

Gaea

Gaea is the Earth goddess. She mated with her son Uranus to produce the remaining Titans. Gaea seems to have started as a neolithic earth-mother worshipped before the Indo-European invasion that eventually lead to the Hellenistic civilization.

Uranus

Uranus is the sky god and first ruler. He is the son of Gaea , who created him without help. He then became the husband of Gaea and together they had many offspring, including twelve of the Titans.
His rule ended when when Cronus, encouraged by Gaea, castrated him. He either died from the wound or withdrew from earth

Cronus

Cronus was the ruling Titan who came to power by castrating his Father Uranus. His wife was Rhea. There offspring were the first of the Olympians. To insure his safety Cronus ate each of the children as they were born. This worked until Rhea, unhappy at the loss of her children, tricked Cronus into swallowing a rock, instead of Zeus. When he grew up Zeus would revolt against Cronus and the other Titans, defeat them, and banish them to Tartarus in the underworld.
Cronus managed to escape to Italy, where he ruled as Saturn. The period of his rule was said to be a golden age on earth, honored by the Saturnalia feast.

Rhea

Rhea was the wife of Cronus. Cronus made it a practice to swallow their children. To avoid this, Rhea tricked Cronus into swallowing a rock, saving her son Zeus.

Oceanus

Oceanus is the unending stream of water encircling the world. Together with his wife Tethys produced the rivers and the three thousand ocean nymphs.

Tethys

Tethys is the wife of Oceanus. Together they produced the rivers and the three thousand ocean nymphs.

Hyperion

Hyperion is the Titan of light, an early sun god. He is the son of Gaea and Uranus. He married his sister Theia. Their children Helius (the sun), Selene (the moon), and Eos (the dawn).

Mnemosyne

Mnemosyne was the Titan of memory and the mother of Muses.

Themis

Themis was the Titan of justice and order. She was the mother of the Fates and the Seasons.

Iapetus

Iapetus was the father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, Menoetius, and Atlas by Clymene.

Coeus

Titan of Intelligence. Father of Leto.

Crius

No details available.

Phoebe

Titan of the Moon. Mother of Leto.

Thea

No details available.

Prometheus

Prometheus was the wisest Titan. His name means "forethought" and he was able to foretell the future. He was the son of Iapetus . When Zeus revolted against Cronus Prometheus deserted the other Titans and fought on Zeus side.
By some accounts he and his brother Epimetheus were delegated by Zeus to create man. In all accounts, Prometheus is known as the protector and benefactor of man. He gave mankind a number of gifts including fire. He also tricked Zeus into allowing man to keep the best part of the animals sacrificed to the gods and to give the gods the worst parts.
For this Zeus punished Prometheus by having him chained to a rock with an eagle tearing at his liver. He was to be left there for all eternity or until he agreed to disclose to Zeus which of Zeus children would try to replace him. He was eventually rescued by Heracles without giving in to Zeus.

Epimetheus

Epimetheus was a stupid Titan, whose name means "afterthought". He was the son of Iapetus. In some accounts he is delegated, along with his brother Prometheus by Zeus to create mankind. He also accepted the gift of Pandora from Zeus, which lead to the introduction of evil into the world.

Atlas

Atlas was the son of Iapetus. Unlike his brothers Prometheus and Epimetheus, Atlas fought with the other Titans supporting Cronus against Zeus. Due to Cronus's advance age Atlas lead the Titan's in battle. As a result he was singled out by Zeus for a special punishment and made to hold up the world on his back.


Metis

Metis was the Titaness of the forth day and the planet Mercury. She presided over all wisdom and knowledge. She was seduced by Zeus and became pregnant with Athena. Zeus became concerned over prophecies that her second child would replace Zeus. To avoid this Zeus ate her. It is said that she is the source for Zeus wisdom and that she still advises Zeus from his belly.
It may seem odd for Metis to have been pregnant with Athena but, never mentioned as her mother. This is because the classic Greeks believed that children were generated solely from the fathers sperm. The women was thought to be nothing more than a vessel for the fetus to grow in. Since Metis was killed well before Athena's birth her role doesn't count.

Dione

According to Homer in the Iliad she is the mother of Aphrodite. the less common and lesser gods are

Mythological Creatures
  • Centaurs -One of a race of monsters having the head, torso, and arms of a man, and the body and legs of a horse.

    In Greek mythology, the centaurs (Greek: Κένταυροι) are a race of creatures composed of part human and part horse. In early Attic vase-paintings, the head and torso of a human joined at the (human's) waist to the horse's withers, where the horse's neck would be.

    This half-human and half-animal composition has lead many writers to treat them as liminal beings, caught between the two natures, embodied in contrasted myths, of centaurs as the embodiment of untamed nature, as in their battle with the Lapiths, or conversely as teachers, as Chiron.

    Centaurs are said to be extremely heavy drinkers, and were usually depicted as beasts of Dionysus.
    They were thought to carry bows and are very short tempered creatures. Most Centaurs are good and work against evil.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQkH9UThyyV-QZzLsdGFncLYFau7l_cFuXENVdEzki7-LQkIjdBJA
  • Cerberus -There is only one Cerberus known to exist in classic mythology. In Greek and Roman mythology, Cerberus (derived from Greek "kerberos") is the guardian of the gates of the Underworld, Hades. Its sole purpose is to prevent doomed souls from escaping. Cerberus; like his brother, Orthrus, and many other monsters of Greek mythology was spawned from Echidna, also known as the mother of all monsters. It is most commonly depicted as a giant dog with three heads, and sometimes a mane composed of snakes, much like the hair of the gorgon, Medusa. Some renderings portray the beast with one single tail; others two, sometimes three. The tail(s) is/are that of a serpent. The Cerberus is regarded as a great and fearsome creature and is the original and is also considered a neutral creature because he takes doomed souls to the underworld where they belong.
external image cerberus2.jpg
  • Charybdis -Charybdis is a monster from Greek Mythology. She is Partnered with Scylla, who sits upon the cliff next to her.
    No, Charybdis is not just a whirlpool. Unknown by many, there is actually a monster under the water. There is no description in any writing of what she actually looks like.

    --The whirlpool part of her, is when she opens her gaping mouth and sucks in. She swallows everything; water, passing ships, sea animals, everything.

    --Then, she exhales and spits everything out. Everything flies everywhere.

    Everything is timed surprisingly. These things happen at the same time every day.
    external image CharybdisPainting.jpg
  • Chimera -The Chimera was a monstrous beast which ravaged the countryside of Lycia in Anatolia that was to be able to breath fire. There have been many discriptions of how it looks but in all the descriptions it is part lion, goat and snake.
    The hero Bellerophon was commanded to slay it by King Lobates. He rode into battle against the beast on the back of the winged horse Pegasus and, driving a lead-tipped lance down the Chimeras flaming throat, suffocating her.
    The Chimera may have once been identified with the winter-rising Constellation Capricorn (the serpent-tailed goat).

    Next to the dragon, the chimera is the second most popular beast to guard portals.

    The chimera is also female and is the youngest daughter of Echidna and Typhon. She is also said to be the last child the two had together.
The word chimera is also used in modern pop-culture within both the fantasy and science-fiction communities to refer to unnatural beings created from the combination of two or more animals by means other than breeding.
external image Concept02.jpg
  • Cyclops -a cyclops (pronounced /ˈsaɪklɒps/), or kyklops (Greek Κύκλωψ), is a member of a primordial race of giants, each with a single eye in the middle of its forehead. The plural is cyclopes (pronounced IPA: /saɪˈkloʊpiːz/) or kyklopes (Greek Κύκλωπες). In English, the plural cyclopses is also used. The name is widely thought to mean "round-" or "wheel-eyed".


    Hesiod describes one group of cyclopes and Homer describes another. In Hesiod'
    Toy Cyclops
    Toy Cyclops
    s Theogony, Zeus releases three Cyclopes, the sons of Uranus and Gaia, from the dark pit of Tartarus. They provide Zeus's thunderbolt, Hades' helmet of invisibility, and Poseidon's trident, and the gods use these weapons to defeat the Titans. In a famous episode of Homer's Odyssey, the hero Odysseus encounters the Cyclops Polyphemus, the son of Poseidon and a nereid (Thoosa), who lives with his fellow Cyclopes in a distant country. The connection between the two groups has been debated in antiquity and by modern scholars.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSDmYImwo0XW8typs6o8bn695P4ktQRca3iPbos5z9xxnn2msGl3w
  • Echidna -Her face and torso are that of a beautiful woman and was depicted as winged in archaic vase-paintings, but always with the body of a serpent. She is also sometimes described as having two serpent's tails.
    external image echidna.jpg
  • Gaia -was best known as "Mother Earth" in Greek and Roman Mythology. She was also considered the Mother of the Seas, Mountains, Valleys, and all other earthly features. She was known to preside over marriages, nursed the sick, and was the first among the Oracles. Gaea later mated with her first born child Uranus, and produced her other horrific offspring (Cycloes and Hecatoncheires). Urnus was so upset by these children that he banished them all to the Underworld. Gaea was so upset that she gave a sickle to their youngest child Cronus in order to have him castrate his own faher. Cronus succeded and scattered the parts all over the ocean, creating more creatures an Aphrodite.
external image goddess_gaia1.jpg
  • Harpy -in Greek mythology, the Harpies were mainly winged death-spirits best known for constantly stealing all food from Phineas. A Harpy was the mother by the West Wind Zephyros of the horses of Achilles. Though Hesiod (Theogony) calls them two "lovely-haired" creatures, Harpies as beautiful winged bird-women are a late development, in parallel with the transformation of the "Siren, a creature malign though seductive in Homer, but gradually softened by the Athenian imagination into a sorrowful death angel." The Harpies were sisters of Iris, daughters of Typhon and Echidna. Phineas, a king of Thrace, had the gift of prophesy. Zeus, angry that Phineas revealed too much, punished him by putting him on an island with a buffet of food which he could never eat. The Harpies always arrived and stole the food out of his hands right before he could satisfy his hunger, and befouled the remains. This continued until the arrival of Jason and the Argonauts. The Boreads, sons of Boreas, the North Wind, who also could fly, succeeded in driving the Harpies and killing one of them, as a request from Iris, who promised that Phineas would not be bothered by the Harpies again, and "the dogs of great Zeus" returned to their "cave in Minoan Crete". Thankful for their help, Phineas told the Argonauts how to pass the Symplegades. In this form they were agents of punishment who abducted people and tortured them on their way to Tartarus. They were vicious, cruel and violent. They lived on Strophades. They were usually seen as the personifications of the destructive nature of wind. The Harpies in this tradition, now thought of as three sisters instead of the original two, were: Aello ("storm swift"), Celaeno ("the dark") — also known as Podarge ("fleet-foot") — and Ocypete ("the swift wing"). Aeneas encountered Harpies on the Strophades as they repeatedly made off with the feast the Trojans were setting. Celaeno cursed them, saying the Trojans will be so hungry they will eat their tables before they reach the end of their journey. The Trojans fled in fear.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTvlDehsaMPThpihgnzye3Xn6rLygC0ZD2OctVrTd5Jl76MTRoi-g&t=1
  • Hippocampus -is a mythological creature shared by Phoenician and Greek mythology, though the name by which it is recognised is purely Greek; it became part of Etruscan mythology. It has typically been depicted as a horse in its forepart with a coiling, scaly, fishlike hindquarter. The Hippocampus or hippocampi are also commonly referred to as Poseidons horses.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQHFk56gphhwJ-4K7wW2yQ1jEL4oKFNaZf6rIr-VDXs78-D0Piu
  • Hydra -Hydra is an ancient Greek mythical beast that was mentioned in the tale of the twelve labours of Hercules (also called Heracles). The hydra has 9 heads, the number of head varies from different versions of the legend, however, more accounts agree on nine. It was said that the middle one was immortal and it has very poisonous venom and breath. If the heads are cut off, the heads would grow back. One head cut-off would result to two heads growing back in its place. The Hydra was believed to have lived in the Lernean marsh which is located near Argolis, the region around Argos, Greece.The serpent-woman Echinda and the hundred headed Typhon are Hydra’s parents. His siblings include the Nemean lion, Cerberus, Chimera and Ladon. The Hydra guards the entrance to the Underworld and from the murky swamps of the Lake of Lerna the monstrous serpent would rise and terrorize the city. The Hydra was finally killed by Hercules during his second labor.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR0QE7SCDOCxH7cClxcelndGEoVgfaTjHijZ7SJC-NwVRx5mwS22g&t=1
  • Kampe was a monstrous centaurine creature who, from the waist up, had the body of a serpentine-haired woman. Below that she had the body of a scaly drakon with a thousand vipers for feet and sprouting from her waist the heads of fifty fearsome beasts--lions, boars and other wild animals. Dark wings rose from her shoulders and above her head she lifted a furious scorpion's tail. She was appointed by the TitanKronos to guard the Hekatonkheires and Cyclopes when he had them locked away in the pit of Tartaros. Zeus slew her and freed the giants from their prison to aide him in his war against the Titanes.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ9mT0xwjxnYus7JjNR3ffLnuefH4QaBG1cYwnv7uTyk9LKvqHKzQ
  • Kraken -These huge, many armed creatures would attack a ship by wrapping their arms around the hull and capsizing it, resulting in the crew drowning or being eaten by the monster. and sometimes can thrust its tentacles down with so much velocity it can snap a large ship in 2 parts
external image kraken.jpg
  • Ladon -was the serpent-like dragon that twined and twisted around the tree in the Garden of the Hesperides and guarded the golden apples. He was overcome by Heracles. Fifteen long years later, Jason and the Argonauts passed by on their chthonic return journey from Colchis and heard the lament of "shining" Aigle, one of the three Hesperides, and viewed the still-twitching Ladon. Ladon might be given multiple heads, a hundred in Aristophanes' The Frogs (a passing remark in line 475), which might speak with different voices.
external image ladon_by_trejoeeee.jpg
  • Lamia -Lamia was once the beautiful Queen of Lybia and was seduced by the great king of the Greek gods himself - Zeus. His jealous wife, Hera, reacted by killing Lamia's children and turning her into a hateful monster - a woman above the waist and a serpent below. In this form she bore more children, the vampiric Lamiae or Lamya, which preyed particularly upon sleeping children. Their reptillian bodies have a woman's head and breasts, with cloven hind hooves, a horse's tail, and feline forelegs.
external image Lamia.jpg
  • Medusa -In Greek mythology, Medusa (Greek: Μέδουσα, Médousa, "guardian, protectress") and some times known as the Gorgon, was a monstrous chthonic female character, essentially an extension of an apotropaic mask, whose gaze could turn on-lookers to stone. She was born of Phorcys and Ceto or in some cases, Typhon and Echidna (Pre-Titan gods) she had two sisters, Stheno and Euryale both of whom were immortal, Medusa was not. They lived on an island at the end of the world. In other versions she was a human with blonde hair and she had no sisters. She slept with Poseidon in Athena's temple, so Athena punished Medusa by turning her into a monster with hair made of snakes and is sometimes described to be half snake herself! Perseus was instructed by his soon to be father to get the Gorgon's head. He used Hades's clap of invisibility, winged sandals from Hermes, a sword and a mirrored shield. After slicing her head off in her sleep blood sprouted Pegasus and the giant Chrysaor. Perseus then flew off the island on Pegasus to escape her sisters who had woken up! He later returned to his soon to be father and turned him to stone with the gorgan's head.
external image medusaPic.jpg
  • Minotaur -A Minotaur is a creature from Greek mythology that is half human and half bull. It was said to have lived at the center of a great labyrinth (an elaborate maze) built for King Minos. In Greek mythology the minotaur was eventually killed by Theseus. "Minotaur" is Greek for "Bull of Minos". Firstly, King Minos built the maze below his palace. Secondly, the Minotaur came into existence when King Minos asked Poseidon for a bull for sacrifice. When the bull came out of the sea, Minos took it and thanked Poseidon a lot. But when Minos broke a vow that he'd made previously, the god made Minos's wife fall in love with the bull. She had an affair with it and out came the Minotaur. Minos was terrified and locked the beast away in the maze. Every nine years he would sacrifice children to the monster to keep it at bay.
external image god_of_war___minotaur_by_tobiee-d32hyuj.jpg
  • Nymph -A nymph is any member of a large class of female nature entities, either bound to a particular location or landform or joining the retinue of a god or goddess, particularly Artemis, goddess of the hunt. Nymphs were the frequent target of lusty satyrs. The idea that rivers are gods and springs divine nymphs, is deeply rooted not only in poetry but in belief and ritual; the worship of these deities is limited only by the fact that they are inseparably identified with a specific locality. Nymphs are personifications of the creative and fostering activities of nature, most often identified with the life-giving outflow of springs. The Greek word νύμφη has "bride" and "veiled" among its meanings: hence, a marriagable young woman. Other readers refer the word (and also Latin nubere and German Knospe) to a root expressing the idea of "swelling" (according to Hesychius, one of the meanings of νύμφη is "rose-bud"). The home of the nymphs is on mountains and in groves, by springs and rivers, in valleys and cool grottoes. They are frequently associated with the superior divinities: the huntress Artemis; the prophetic Apollo; the reveller and god of wine, Dionysus; and with rustic gods such as Pan and Hermes (as the god of shepherds). The symbolic marriage with a nymph of a patriarchal leader, often the eponym of a people, is repeated endlessly in Greek origin myths; clearly such a union lent authority to the archaic king and to his line. Nymphs take the appearance of young, beautiful, gentle girls. They are not immortal, though they are very long-lived, and their lives end with the death of a particular natural object, such as a tree, to which they are attached. Often wrshipped in grottoes and natural shrines, Nymphs personify the fertile and creative powers of nature, such as the life-giving flow of fresh-water springs. Various aspects of nature have their own particular kind if Nymph:
Water Nymphs, called Nereids, are similar to Mermaids. The 3,000 Oceanids, the Nymphs of the oceans, are the daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys.

Land Nymphs are linked to particular geographic locations. Oreids, who inhabit mountains and ravines, often accompany Artemis on hunting expeditions. Alseids protect glens and groves, while Auloniads are found in pastures and mountain valleys, often in the retinue of Pan.

Wood Nymphs are identified with particular species of trees. Often their bodies become part of the trees they inhabit. Dryads are associated with oak trees, Hamadryads with nut, elm and fig trees, and Meliae with ash trees. Ovid tells the story of Daphne, the Nymph who becomes a laurel tree. The god of love Eros wounds Apollo the god of the Sun, with an arrow, causing him to fall in love with Daphne, daughter of the river god Peneus. A follower of Artemis and vowed to chastity, Daphne runs away from her pursuer. Just as Apollo is about to catch her, Daphne cries out to her father for help. The moment the cry leaves her lips, her skin turns to bark, her hair to leaves, her arms to branches and her feet to roots. Embracing the lovely laurel tree, Apollo declares it sacred and winds a laurel wreath around his brow. external image Water_Nymph_by_dragonhope.jpgexternal image earth-nymph.jpgexternal image work.3235958.2.flat%252C550x550%252C075%252Cf.wood-nymph.jpg
  • Pegasus -It is said Pegasus sprang from the blood of Medusa after Perseus beheaded her. Pegasus is described as a winged white horse although there are many other variations in modern fantasy. Apparently the original Pegasus only allowed two mortals to ride him, both were Greek heroes. Pegasus (pegai) in modern fantasy are still considered white, winged horses. They live in the forest and live in small herds. Very rarely one pegasus will befriend a human, or elf and become his/her companion.
    external image pegasus.jpg
  • Satyr -In Greek mythology, satyrs (in Greek, Σάτυροι — Sátyroi) are a troop of male companions of Pan and Dionysus— "satyresses" were a late invention of poets— that roamed the woods and mountains. In mythology they are often associated with male sex drive and vase-painters often portrayed them with erections. They are also associated with wine. Satyrs are described as having a strong human torso and goat legs, a goat tail, pointed ears, horns, curly hair and full beards, like fauns. Philoctetes, (phil) from Hercules the movie was a satyr. In older depictions, however, Satyr appear as men with the tails of horses, and the change in appearance was likely due to their association with Pan and the assymilation of mythologies within an expansive culture. Satyrs are considered good creatures.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTzd2JgWGU5L_L3sj86TqvHz-a0sVpelvWYzuj81X-rnDE_0FVC
  • Scylla -The Scylla is a sea creature that is a nymph waist up which goes under water when it attacks with its six
    enormous wolf heads waist down. It was orignally a girl that was raised by wolfs and was trying to follow a man who promised love and riches of her imagination but the man was just using her to kill a man. Then she drowned trying to swim aboard the man's boat but, when she drowned Poseidon changed her into a nymph but instead she turned into a half nymph half deadly 6 headed wolf beast.
external image Scylla.jpg
  • Siren -In Greek mythology the Sirens or Seirenes (Greek Σειρῆνας) were Naiads (sea nymphs) who lived on an island called Sirenum scopuli, or in some different traditions,some place them on cape Pelorum others in the island of Anthemusa, and others again in the Sirenusian islands near Paestum, or in Capreae which was surrounded by cliffs and rocks. Approaching sailors were drawn to them by their enchanting singing, causing them to sail into the cliffs and drown. They were considered the daughters of Achelous or Phorcys. Homer says nothing of their number, but later writers mention both their names and number ; some state that they were two, Aglaopheme and Thelxiepeia; and others, that there were three, Peisinoe, Aglaope, and Thelxiepeia or Parthenope, Ligeia, and Leucosia. Their number is variously reported as between two and five, and their individual names as Thelxiepia/Thelxiope/Thelxinoe, Molpe, Aglaophonos/Aglaope, Pisinoe/Peisinoë, Parthenope, Ligeia, Leucosia, Raidne, and Teles. According to some versions, they were playmates of young Persephone and were changed into the monsters of lore by Demeter for failing to intervene when Persephone was abducted. The term "siren song" refers to an appeal that is hard to resist but that, if heeded, will lead to a bad result. Within the tales of Greek Mythology there were a couple documented cases where the siren song was thwarted. The first were the Argonauts whom had Orpheus play a tune louder than they, the second was Odysseus' men who plugged their ears with beeswax. Odysseus alone volunteered to hear the song whilst tied to the ship's mast. This second escape resulted in the Siren's killing themselves out of shame. It was because of this that later writers would say the Siren's were fated to die should a person hear their song and escape unharmed.
external image Queen_Siren_by_Greek_Mythology.jpg
  • Sphinx -The Sphinx is said to have guarded the entrance to the Greek city of Thebes, and to have asked a riddle of travelers to obtain passage. The exact riddle asked by the Sphinx was not specified by early tellers of the stories about the sphinx, and was not standardized as the one given below until late in Greek history. It was said in late lore that Hera or Ares sent the Sphinx from her Ethiopian homeland (the Greeks always remembered the foreign origin of the Sphinx to Thebes in Greece where, in the writings of Sophocles, she asks all passersby history's most famous riddle: "Which creature in the morning goes on four feet, at noon on two, and in the evening upon three?" She strangled and devoured anyone unable to answer.Oedipus solved the riddle: answering, Man—who crawls on all fours as a baby, then walks on two feet as an adult, and walks with a cane in old age.
    Bested at last, the tale continues, the Sphinx then threw herself from her high rock and died. An alternative version tells that she devoured herself. Thus Oedipus can be recognized as a liminal or "threshold" figure, helping effect the transition between the old religious practices, represented by the death of the Sphinx, and the rise of the new, Olympian deities.
    external image 1-Edipus-and-the-Sphinx.jpg
  • Typhon -is the final son of Gaia, fathered by Tartarus, and is the most deadly monster of Greek mythology. Typhon attempts to destroy Zeus at the will of Gaia, because Zeus had imprisoned the Titans. His human upper half reached as high as the stars. His hands reached east and west and had a hundred dragon heads on each. His bottom half was gigantic viper coils that could reach the top of his head when stretched out and made a hissing noise. His whole body was covered in wings, and fire flashed from his eyes. He was defeated by Zeus, who trapped Typhon underneath Mount Etna.
external image 250px-Typhon.jpg
  • Undine -The undines are the sea faries of ancient Greece, who appeared in the Aegean Sea as seahorses with human faces and the word 'Undine' means wave. Though more frequently they have the appearance of a beautiful human but they lack souls. In Christian tradition the word 'soul' ties in with salvation and damnation - that the undines have no soul means they are outside of human law.
    external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTIwP0VyCN44a4b0E8M3mQ_fNL07tK7kGmrM_BlkeBIuqrolQNT0w&t=1
  • Uranus -He was the personification of heaven and the sky. When Uranus was born with his other siblings, he decided to banish the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheiris into the depths of Tartarus. Gaea was extremely upset by when he did and had their son Cronusstand up to him. Using a sickle, he mutilated Uranus, creating the Furies, Giants, and Aphrodite.
external image planet-uranus.gif